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Lebendige Vergangenheit - Augusta Oltrabella

Artist Augusta Oltrabella
Title Lebendige Vergangenheit - Augusta Oltrabella
Release Date Monday, August 14, 2006
Genre Classical > Choro
Copyright © Preiser Records
Country AUSTRIA

Promotion Text

Lebendige Vergangenheit

Eine der bekanntesten und erfolgreichsten Sängerinnen der Dreißiger- und Vierzigerjahre in Italien war Pia Tassinari, die am 15. September 1903 in Modigliana (bei Forli) zur Welt kam. Ursprünglich lautete ihr Vorname Domenica, doch vom Beginn ihrer Künstlerlaufbahn an legte sie• sich den Namen Pia zu. Der Werdegang der Künstlerin begann in Bologna, wo sie am Konservatorium bei Vezzani studierte. Weitere Studienzeiten erfolgten in Mailand bei Marcantoni. Am 13. Dezember 1927 debütierte sie als Mimi in „La Boheme" am Politeama di Casale Monferrato. Die Mimi sollte fortan zu ihren bedeutendsten Rollen gehören, sie verkör­ perte sie wenig später in Genua und in Venedig (am La Fenice). Ab 1932 gehörte die Künstlerin dem Ensemble der Mailänder Scala an. Für viele Jahre gehörte Tassinari als Interpretin von lyri­ schen und jugendlich-dramatischen Rollen zu den Hauptstützen der Scala. Neben Mailand war die Römische Oper ihre wichtigste Wirkungsstätte, an der sie 1933 zum ersten Mal auftrat. Von 1933 bis 1943 und 1951/52 erlebte die Sängerin dort etliche große Erfolge. Pia Tassinari war überdies in fast allen großen Opernhäusern Italiens zu hören, sie trat in der Arena di Verona auf (1936/37 und 1954) und sang im Rahmen des Florentiner Maggio Musicale. Sie gab 1935 ein Russland Gastspiel und war nach dem Krieg, in der Spielzeit 1947/48 an der Metropolitan Opera in New York engagiert, sowie 1949 an der Oper von Chicago als Margarete in „Faust". Unter ihren Rollen finden sich auch die Margherita in Boitos „Mefistofele" und Elsa in „Lohengrin" (beide erstmals in Turin 1931), Suzel in „L'amico Fritz" (Turin 1932), Manon Lescaut (Ravenna 1933), Eva in den „Meistersingern von Nürnberg" (Rom 1935), Desdemona in „Otello" (Arena di Verona 1936), Manon von Massenet (Rom 1937), sowie Tosca (Neapel 1945). … Among the so-called "interesting" singers of the Verismo movement is the soprano Augusta Oltrabella, who was born in Savona in 1897. She received her training from Bavagnoli and Caffo in Milan and debuted in Mondovi in 1919 as Leonora in Il trovatore. She subsequently sang on ltaly's smaller stages, coming to the Teatro dal Verme in Milan in 1923. This was also the period in which she made her first recordings: two duets from Andrea Chenier with the famous tenor Bernardo De Muro (1881-1955). It was, however, to be another 10 years before she made another record. In 1929 she was engaged by the Metropolitan Opera in New York but sang only three roles during that season - including Musetta and Liu - and she did not take advantage of an option to renew her contract for the following year. In 1931 she sang her debut at Milan's La Scala in the role of the Goose-girl in Humperdinck's Königskinder, and this was her breakthrough in ltaly. When Italian radio began broadcasting its own productions of opera in 1931, Augusta Oltrabella was among the first artists to be part of the series. She performed in a total of 21 productions: in 1931 in Mese mariano, a one-act opera by Umberto Giordano, in 1932 in the same opera again and in Puccini's, La Rondine, andin 1934 again in Mese mariano, as Suor Angelica in the eponymous opera, and as Mai'enka in The Bartered Bride. The role of Suor Angelica was considered her most brilliant. In 1934 she performed in the world premiere of the opera Il dibuk by Lodovico Rocca at La Scala. Arturo Toscanini hired her in 1936 to sing Nannetta in Verdi's Falstaff at the Salzburg Festival, having heard her in a 1935 radio broadcast in the title role of Jenufa. She sang that role again in 1937 under Toscanini. In 1938 she sang the role of Mrs. Ford under Vittorio Gui, and under Tullio Serafin she again sang Nannetta in 1939. Between 1936 and 37 she made guest appearances at London's Covent Garden Opera, where Manon Lescaut was among her roles. Other premieres associated with her name are La morte di Frine by Rocca in 1937 - she also sang the role of Frine in a 1943 radio production - and in 1948 Le baccanti by Giorgio Federico Ghedini (1892-1965). …